Soil Conservation Department is engaged in implementation of projects for Conservation of soil
and utilization of land on a sustained basis for productive purpose. The Soil Conservation Department
is responsible for implementation of various schemes on Soil & water Conservation related issues with
objective for generating income to rural people by protection and development of agricultural land.
The department is also engaged in implementation of programmes related to control of shifting cultivation in
the two hills districts of the state by providing alternative practices like horticulture, cash crop development
etc. to wean away Jhumias from harmful practices of shifting cultivation.
ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT:
Land Development Works: Contour bunds & field bunds : In cultivable land with mild slope, construction of earthen
bunds along contours and field bunds at suitable locations are taken up by the department to prevent sheet and reel
erosion. The bunds also serve as barrier and retain water which increases soil moisture thereby increases crop production.
Gully Control Works: Gully erosion is the main erosion problem of the state which eats up about 3000 hectares of agricultural
land annually. This occurs mostly in the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra. Gully control structures like spillways, check
dams etc. are constructed to stop further advancement of the gully heads and fingers and to improve the moisture regime in the
command areas which results in increase in production from agricultural land.
River training I River bank stabilization work: The rivers / streams in Assam are meandering in nature and has caused severe river
bank erosion problems in areas adjacent to banks of most of the rivers and tributaries. Due to heavy sedimentation in riverbeds,
the problem is getting worse every year. Department constructs spurs, bank revetments, loop cutting works etc. to tackle this problem.
Protective Afforestation Works: It is taken up along river streams banks in denuded catchments and hills land with steep slope.
The main objective of the scheme is to prevent the process of soil loss due to erosion.
Nature Conservation, Landscaping & Beautification Works: Nature Conservation, Landscaping and beautification work are done in some
of the districts have created positive impact on people. Presently the department has taken up the plantation and landscaping scheme
in the Capital Complex Dispur & education Institutions.
MONTHLY PROGRESS REPORT OF SOIL CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT HAILAKANDI DISTRICT