KRISHI BHAWAN Block Road, Ward No.14, Lakshmi Shahar
P.O : Lakshi Shahar Town & Dist : Hailakandi
OVERVIEW OF HAILAKANDI:
Operational land holding
The total operational land holdings in the district are 83011 numbers, out of which 28.78% are landless farmers who are
possessing 7.64% cultivable area of the district. 39.53% are marginal farmers those are occupying 32.18% cultivable area,
26.62% are small farmers & are holding 42.15% cultivable area, 3.26% are medium farmers and are occupying 9.60% area. 1.39%
is large farmers who are holding 6.01% area and 0.42% are very large farmers and are occupying 2.41% area. Resource rich farmers
purely on the basis of size of holding viz. very large, large and medium farmers are 5.07% and are possessing 18.03% cultivable area
of the district. Resource poor farmers i.e. marginal/small and landless farmers are 94.93% and are holding 81.97% area. This data reveals
that low cost technology has better adoption probability in comparison to high cost technology. Secondly, farmers are needed financial assistant
from the financial institutions constantly to raise their income through the production of their farming systems.
The average annual rainfall of the district is 2441.94 mm with 132 average rainy days on the basis of record of last 10 years.
During this period, the rainfall varied from 1683.23 to 3469.80 mm annually. High rainfall generally concentrated during the months
of May to August. The rainfall is quite erratic and uneven throughout the district. The pre monsoon rain ( February-April ) helps
for growing Autumn Paddy and Kharif vegetable, normal monsoon ( May – September) helps for growing winter paddy and in case of
excess rainfall it causes damage to crops and livestock. The post monsoon (October – November) shower helps in panicle initiation stage
of paddy crop. If sufficient shower is not received then it causes little dry spell condition in October on the other hand excess shower
sometimes delays the cultivation of Rabi crops. Winter months (December – January) remains generally dry with scanty rainfall.
Normally, annual mean maximum temperature ranges in between 32.8 – 36.0o and annual minimum temperature ranges between10.0 to 11.4o Celsius.
Thus, prevailing range of temperature indicates that all tropical and semi tropical crops can be grown successfully without or with slightly
Agro Ecological Situations
The district has been divided into five Agro Ecological Situations (AESs) Viz. AES-I- Beel and Hoar situation (5% of cultivable area), AES-II- Alluvial
flood prone situation (13% of cultivable area), AES-III- Alluvial flood free situation (17% of cultivable area); AES-IV- Plantation crop growing situation
(45% of cultivable area) and AES-V- Hill and forest situation (20% of cultivable area) on the basis of Physiography, soil, climate, topography, cropping
Land use pattern
The geographical area of the district is 132700 hectares, out of which 42.22% cultivable area, 3.59% is cultivable waste, 2.29% is current fallow, 42.59%
is forest area, 0.70% is pasture, 6.17% is land in non agricultural use, 1.32% is miscellaneous plantation and 1.12% is barren and waste land. Currently,
out of total cultivable area, only 82.49% is under cultivation. Low coverage of cultivable area is due to inadequate irrigation facility. Block wise land
pattern of the district is given in bellow Table
Name of Block
Land in non Agril. use
Barren (Waste Land)
Cropped area :
Gross cropped area
Net cropped area
Area under Mono crop
Area under Double crop
Triple cropped area
150 % .
MONTHLY PROGRESS REPORT OF AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT HAILAKANDI DISTRICT